Farm business survey

Welcome to the Farm Business Survey

About us

Please choose another page from the menu options to proceed to data. Your data is secure - we do not share or store anything entered here.

What is the Farm Business Survey?

The Farm Business Survey provides information on the physical and economic performance of farm businesses in England and Wales, to inform policy decisions on matters affecting farm businesses. It is intended to serve the needs of government, government partners, farming and land management interest groups, and researchers.

The Farm Business Survey is an annual survey commissioned by the government under which a range of management accounting information on all aspects of farmer's and grower's businesses is collected. The survey uses a sample of farms that is representative of the national population of farms in terms of farm type, farm size and regional location.

How many farms are involved?

Over 2,300 farm businesses in England and Wales take part in the FBS survey each year.

Are the results confidential?

Yes. Details of individual farms are not published. Participating farms are not identifiable (by name or place). Our independence from government and commercial organisations ensures that their identity is never released to anyone outside of their regional RBR unit. Minimum sample sizes prevent extraction of individual farm data.

Who is behind the Farm Business Survey?

Rural Business Research - the FBS academic consortium - of six University Research Centres carries out the Farm Business Survey in England. Click the logos for more information.

In Wales, the Farm Business Survey is undertaken by Aberystwyth University on behalf of, and financed by, the Welsh Assembly Government.

These reports include data collected in the Farm Business Survey. In England the Farm Business Survey is conducted on behalf of, and financed by, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the data collected in it are Crown Copyright. You may re-use this information free of charge under the terms of the Open Government Licence v.3.

The Rural Business Unit, University of Cambridge maintains and publishes FBS Farm Business Benchmarking. is assembled, maintained, and published by:

  • RBR (Rural Business Research - "the FBS academic consortium") at Cambridge
    Rural Business Unit
    University of Cambridge
    19 Silver Street
    CB3 9EP, UK

    Telephone: 01223 337 147

For User Queries, Improvements, or Suggestions
please contact in the first instance:

Most Recent Developments:

  • May/Apr-2022 Published Internet Reports (Regional and DataBuilder) for 2020/19
    - most recent results
  • Nov-2021 RBU to attempt feedback analysis
    - to consider your feedback, so as to improve this service
  • Jul-2021 Published Top Tables for FBS Data Builder
    - easy access to current results
  • Mar-2021 Published Internet Reports for 2019/20
    - most recent results
  • Jun-2020 Counties added for Wales
    - greater geographic insight, where data is available
  • Feb-2020 BPS cuts for 2021 put into 'Projected Farm Accounts'
    - projections of BPS payment in 2021 (under 'Profitability/projections')
  • Jan-2020 Published Internet Reports for 2018/19
    - most recent results
  • Nov-2019 Links from output/cost headings corrected
    - links to 'Definitions' (glossary) now work for account outputs and costs.
  • Sep-2019 Restored "Calc Mach Depreciation"
    - calculate Machinery Depreciation using FBS. FADN bug fixed.
  • Sep-2019 Added 'Pigs finishers - rearing' to FBS Projector
    - based on Lean Hogs and USD (of CME) - of interest to more farmers
  • Jan-2019 Published Internet Reports for 2017/18
    - most recent results
  • Jan-2019 ... with 'Adjusted Hectares' in Profitability
    - more relevant results for uplands, hill-farming and the LFA's

Privacy policy:

The information you enter will not be recorded by the system and as such will not be divulged or used for any other purpose than that of providing you, the user, with comparative analysis.

To facilitate comparisons, data you enter are stored in 'session-cookies' on your computer while you visit this site. Hence, to maintain some privacy, you should close your web-browser before letting someone else use your computer in the same session.

In accordance with the General Data Protection Regulation of the UK (GDPR, after the EU e-Privacy Directive), tailored by the Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA 2018) we advise you that we do not store any persistent cookies on your equipment. Non-persistent session cookies are however used, as they are strictly necessary for the functionality of the website when you explicitly request data.

Further, you may be interested to know, that all sessions are logged for analysis of site usage (excluding user data).



You can give us an email address, which might identify you and/or your organisation, when you sign up to receive FBS updates from Rural Business Research. You can find details on how we handle personal information here, at (and at . The data we hold about you for this purpose is very limited (your email address, topic interest, and profess-ion only).

The information you provide will be used to process sending you FBS updates. We may also contact you regarding and your participation. And also, (in extremely rare circumstances), contact you to undertake evaluation or in further development of farm improvement services. Or, (in exceptional circumstances only), to provide you with marketing information about web-content, events and services offered through the Rural Business Research (RBR/ The FBS Consortium/ Farm Business Survey), which may be of interest to you in your professional capacity. All marketing communications will incorporate an option to opt-out of receiving further communications.

Please note that we are managing this service through Microsoft (.Net/VB/aspx/SQL) with authentication and spam filtering via Google-Forms. Microsoft and Google are third-party services that are not owned or managed by the Rural Business Unit, University of Cambridge, or the UK. You may wish to review Microsoft’s and Google’s - which may be found under in - terms and conditions and privacy policy. We do not accept any responsibility or liability for their policies, or for their security and implementation in your reading of data integrity.

For further information please see the University of Cambridge page at titled: "How we use your personal information (general)".



For your convenience we will periodically analyse the Query String titled with the keyword (ie tag) called "feedback".

Which you may add to the URL (that is to the "web address", of this page or of any page that you request to look at, eg from if you wish.

Using the syntax below. Which is to add to the URL, without the square braces, as follows:


You can put anything you like (!) !!

So that, while it can (obviously) be spammed/or manipulated, if we believe your comment is helpful, we will try to pay attention to it and to act upon it. As our time and resources permit. Many thanks.


Farm Benchmarking

Compare the financial performance of your farm to similar and top performing farms here:

Gross Margins (Crops or Livestock) Profit and Loss Account Balance Sheets (Assets & Liabilites) Performance Ratios

Why Should I Benchmark?

Benchmarking helps you to compare your business to farms that are similar to yours. Our researchers visit over 2000 farms every year and the data provided here is the most comprehensive of it's kind in the UK. You can compare your farm with average or top performing businesses from the Farm Business Survey.